Stand Campaign – Suedwestumfahrung Nein Wed, 22 Sep 2021 07:03:05 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Stand Campaign – Suedwestumfahrung Nein 32 32 A teacher said to change the language of the “Chinese virus” in the program Wed, 22 Sep 2021 07:03:05 +0000

A University of Dallas professor who used the term “Chinese virus” in his curriculum this semester was asked to change the wording to “COVID-19” after students objected.

“Only an official email from the Dean’s office will suffice for quarantine status due to the Chinese virus,” the original program said in one of two similar uses of the term.

The terms “Chinese virus” and “Wuhan virus” are widely considered to be race-insensitive, and their use has been linked to an increase in hate crimes against Asian Americans during the pandemic.

No student has complained directly to the professor or his chair, according to public accounts of what happened. But the program quickly caught on on social media, where commentators said the term was racist.

In an Instagram post, the college’s Asian Student Association shared a screenshot of the document, claiming that the term “Chinese virus” promotes “discrimination against Asians and Asian Americans because it condemns them to be the cause of the virus “. The influence of this accusation has led to an outbreak of ill-treatment (both passive and violent) and xenophobic attacks against Asians across the world.

Citing the #StopAsianHate online awareness campaign, the post also states that the use of the “Chinese virus” in a learning environment “is inappropriate not only for Asian American students, but also for all students of the United States. minorities “.

William Atto, the associate professor of history at the center of the case, complied with the private Catholic university’s order to update the curriculum. He also emailed the students to explain the change.

Atto did not respond to a request for comment. But her department director, Susan Hanssen, is speaking out, saying that now that “the culture cancellation has arrived on our campus”, she “will not remain silent.” She expressed her concerns about the incident in an opinion piece for The College’s solution, a conservative news site on higher education.

Hanssen wrote in the article that although no student directly opposed the program, Instagram “exploded with accusations of racism via the account of a group of left-wing UD alumni” at the end of the first day of class. “To say they were waiting for any excuse to pounce is an understatement.” Social media trolls shouted that like Donald Trump, Atto had put “a target on Asian Americans” and claimed the recent surge in anti-Asian violence was due to Trump’s use of the expression “Chinese virus”.

Stating that these “trolls” had “missed the mark,” Hanssen wrote that as a historian, Atto “understands that history is complex and that it is not easy to place the oppressors and the oppressed in it. easily labeled identity politics categories ”. Where were these ‘Instagram trolls of the past 20 years as Atto taught the story of the savage Japanese’ Nanking rape ‘? she asked. “The brutality of the Maoist communist regime against its Chinese people? America’s exclusionary acts against Chinese immigrants? “

Hanssen suggested the case might have ended when Atto “immediately nodded” to the university and changed the document, but his “sin of outspoken communication” was amplified by a prominent article in the student newspaper, University news. Disagreeing with aspects of this article, Hanssen said the cover itself put Atto on “public trial rather than just a heckling hidden in the bowels of Instagram.”

Hanssen further alleged that the newspaper, through its consistent coverage of issues of race, diversity, equity and inclusion, seeks to “effectively dismantle one of the last strongholds of faithfully Catholic liberal arts education.” . This type of coverage “feeds the flow of more diversity surveys, hiring more diversity officers, spending more money and providing more fodder for diversity, diversity, diversity.”

Guessing that she will be the “next target,” Hanssen wrote, “my cautious teacher friends tell me that when they come to get me I should take a firm stand on the book of Genesis:” Male and female, he’s got them. created. ‘Don’t risk your career for a fight over the name of the virus. Yet even though personal pronouns and gender remain Hanssen’s biggest concern, she said “the ‘Chinese virus’ is not a bad hill to die on if it simply asserts the right to control its own. tongue. Abuse of language is abuse of power.

It is “time for this Catholic university to take a stand,” said Hanssen. She asked if the university asked big questions such as “What is courage?” “In an” abstract and theoretical “way or if it is also about” a place which gives to the students a living model of the virtues which they espouse verbally “.

The university declined to comment on the matter on Tuesday.

Hanssen said by email that she would like the university to clarify that there have been no direct complaints from students, beyond what has surfaced on social media, and “apologizes for giving in to social media attacks against a professor “.

She also said she expected “a stronger defense of Professor Atto from one of the top Catholic conservative colleges in the country.” Our alumni, parents and students rightly expect us to challenge the political correctness regime rather than bow down to it. UD says they will defend our right to use masculine / feminine pronouns when the time comes, but “cowardice today is a bad promise of heroism tomorrow” (quoting Dominican Sertillange) ” [sic].

This is not the first time that a teacher has called COVID-19 the “Chinese virus” or the “Wuhan virus” in the classroom. Syracuse University put a professor on administrative leave last year because he included a note on “Wuhan flu or the Chinese Communist Party virus” in his chemistry curriculum. Syracuse has also publicly condemned the “derogatory language” as offensive to Asian students who have experienced hate speech related to the pandemic, and as generally “harmful to the learning environment”. Syracuse alleged that the professor created a hostile learning environment based on national origin, against the expectations of ethical conduct included in the faculty manual.

Many on campus applauded the move, as the term “Chinese virus”, like other stigmatizing languages, has been shown to perpetuate the sense that Asian Americans are perpetual strangers, exposing them to a greater risk of discrimination.

Some free speech advocates, including the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education, have criticized Syracuse. In a letter to the university, FIRE said the university restricts professors’ rights of expression and that the program is an “academic forum” in which professors are free to discuss controversial topics.

Keith E. Whittington, William Nelson Cromwell professor of politics at Princeton University and chairman of the academic committee of the Academic Freedom Alliance, said there was “nothing wrong with a professor voluntarily deciding to change the language of a program after an issue has been raised by a student or administrator. “Responding and adapting to criticism” is part of the concessions we expect on a college campus, “he said declared, “assuming the criticisms are not substantiated by a threat of sanction”.

It’s unclear exactly how the University of Dallas asked Atto to change his program, but the change was not entirely voluntary. Whittington said the curricula are somewhat of a “mixed place,” meaning they can include both university policies and faculty course materials. Typically, he said, a teacher’s content “appears to be protected under academic freedom, just as content in other courses would be.”

The question then becomes “whether this particular content is somehow outside the bounds of protected academic freedom,” he said. A university may want to claim that references to the “Chinese virus” are discriminatory harassment and therefore not protected by academic freedom, Whittington continued, but he said in this case “such a claim looks very dubious.”

Even though the “Chinese virus” offends some, he said, “the mere use of the phrase in a program cannot be understood as reaching the level of prosecutable harassing behavior.” And an academic harassment policy worded “so broadly as to prohibit such widespread expression” “would significantly infringe upon traditional conceptions of academic freedom.”

Jonathan Friedman, director of free speech and education at PEN America, had a similar opinion, saying university leaders could “try to educate the professor in question about it, but they shouldn’t diktats that he will make this change or fear retaliation. “

Atto’s is a case where “the best result can be achieved by protecting the word of everyone involved,” Friedman also said.

A professor “must have the academic freedom to include the language of his choice in his program, just as students must have the right to use their speech to draw attention to it, whether on social networks or in the student newspaper, ”he said. At the same time, “certain speeches are harmful, and especially in the context of the rise of hate crimes, it is up to the professors, in their position of leadership and authority, to understand how their choices of expression on a program are. received by their students ”.

]]> 0
Greater Longview United Way to Launch 2021-22 Campaign | Local News Tue, 21 Sep 2021 22:00:00 +0000

The Greater Longview United Way begins its 2021-2022 campaign this month with a goal of $ 1.24 million and a theme focused on unity.

Executive Director Evan Dolive said the launch event will be held virtually this year with a video announcement on United Way’s social media and website due to concerns over COVID-19.

“Our theme is ‘Everything is better when we stand together’,” said Dolive. “The reason we chose ‘Everything is better when we stand together’ is that we have all been through the same thing over the past 18 months, and we have realized that we all need each other. We are better together than when we are apart.

Most campaign events will take place virtually, but plans could change, he said.

“We take it one day at a time,” Dolive said. “The ones we can do in person, we will. We make sure to be as safe as possible. “

Reporting events and updates will take place virtually again this year. Dolive is still hoping to host a big fundraiser, Cooking at the Creek, in person in March.

A campaign launch video, which has yet to be released, features Dolive and campaign chairs discussing the theme, leader efforts and more.

The campaign runs from September to March.

“Our vision is to unite the benevolent power of the community,” said Dolive. “It’s our expectation, it’s for Longview to unite. I am originally from Longview and know that people care deeply about our city.

Dolive said there are many people and groups in the area who need help.

“There are people who need our help to recover from the effects of the pandemic or just life that is going on,” he said.

The Greater Longview United Way exceeded its fundraising goal for 2020-2021 with more than $ 1.042 million.

The 2020-21 campaign officially ended on March 31.

Funds donated to the organization stay in the community, with the exception of approximately 2% sent to the national organization Centraide.

The funds raised are donated to 20 partner agencies with 37 programs, including the Boy Scouts of America of the East Texas Area Council, the East Texas Literacy Council, the Girl Scouts of Northeast Texas, the American Red Cross serving the emergency services of East Texas, Longview Community Ministries, Longview Child Development Center, The Salvation Army, East Texas CASA and more.

The Greater Longview United Way works with agencies to improve education, help East Texans achieve financial stability and promote healthy lifestyles, according to the organization.

For more information and to learn how to donate, visit

]]> 0
“We are not leaving Berlin” – by Arthur Herman Tue, 21 Sep 2021 10:05:56 +0000
(Photograph by Keystone-France / Gamma-Keystone / Getty Images.)

When President Joe Biden compared the American evacuation of Afghanistan to one of the most important moments of the Cold War, the Berlin Airlift 1948-49, heads swiveled in surprise – much outrage. And no wonder. The Berlin Airlift was a triumph of American power in the face of evil. While the Kabul airlift was technically impressive – over 100,000 people in less than two weeks – no one except Biden could see the chaos that unfolded in those two weeks as anything. less than a national defeat.

Nonetheless, the history of the Berlin Airlift shows that the use of American air power to save the lives and freedom of 2.5 million Berliners has never been inevitable; in fact, the outcome was often in doubt. It also shows that the character of a president and his advisers, especially his military commanders, can turn an apparent defeat into an unexpected victory, or the opposite.

In the early morning hours of June 24, 1948, Russian troops stopped all trains, trucks and barges carrying food, coal and other supplies in the western sector of Berlin. About 2.5 million people were at risk of starving to death, unless the other Allied Powers, Britain, France and the United States, did something to stop it.

There were three options. The first was to withdraw from Berlin and surrender the war-torn city to full Soviet control. The second was that the Western Allies stand firm in their areas of occupation of the city and hope that the population of Europe’s largest city can survive without food and fuel.

Or the Allies could resolve to deliver supplies in defiance of the blockade, by force if necessary. While the military governor of the US-occupied area, General Lucius Clay, believed the Soviets would not resist if an armed convoy attempted to break through the blockade, Washington and London feared it could trigger World War III, a war that the United States, despite possessing atomic bombs, was not able to fight. The Red Army had 20 divisions in the neighborhood. The Americans, the British and the French had exactly three.

Washington and authorities on the ground had to consider another option: send supplies to Berlin more the Soviet blockade by air. It’s important to realize that the legendary Berlin Airlift was a roll of the dice of last resort, when no other option seemed possible. Instead of the futile gesture that many predicted, including some in the Air Force, it became a display of American might – and American compassion – that saved a city, overthrew the Cold War, and possibly saved President Truman from the electoral defeat in November.

In fact, the process of sending refueling planes to Berlin began even before any official policy was agreed. The very first flights were the inspiration for a key member of the Normandy invasion planning committee, General Albert Wedemeyer, who urged General Clay to load available transport planes to support the coal stocks. Berliners needed for fuel-stocks expected to last less than a month. Clay called Air Force General Curtis Lemay the mastermind of the strategic bombing campaign that defeated Japan and who was now responsible for the air force in Europe. Clay asked him point blank: can you deliver coal to Berlin?

“The Air Force,” replied Lemay, “can deliver anything.” But even LeMay knew his planes could only meet 1% of Berlin’s needs. The transport aircraft in hand was the C-47 Dakota, which could carry 6,000 pounds per flight, and Lemay had only 70 capable of flying. He and Berlin needed the much larger C-54 Skymaster, capable of carrying 20,000 pounds. There were only two in Europe.

That first day of the airlift saw 32 inbound and outbound flights from Berlin’s main airport to Tempelhof, carrying 160,000 pounds of fresh milk, sacks of flour and vaccines. RAF planes totaled 70,000 more. Eight million pounds a day, however, was needed to keep Berlin from starving to death. Lemay himself made several of these early flights, but it soon became apparent that even with additional transport planes, they were fighting a losing battle, even as the Soviet cordon tightened and the pressure increased for force Berliners to give up all hope of free and fair elections. for a new mayor of Berlin, because the Russians knew that the winner would certainly be an anti-Communist Social Democrat.

Supply conditions could not have been worse. Tempelhof Airport had a dangerously short runway, and a large apartment building near the runway proved a constant danger to navigation, especially in bad weather, which was more the rule than the exception. The supply chain was haphazard to say the least: a theft brought in 5,000 pounds of mimeographed sheets; another French wines. Even doubling the £ 2million of supplies per day that the Americans and British were handling with maximum effort, the effort was still well below the minimum of 8million pounds needed.

In August, however, this heroic but ad hoc program was revised by General William Tunner, who had led US supply flights from India to China during World War II. Tunner understood that it wasn’t the size or the number of planes that mattered, but the speed at which they could unload their cargo and leave for more. His basic attitude was: “The problem with all planes is that they spend too much time on the ground”.

Tunner systematized the flight schedule so that the execution time went from one hour to 15 minutes. Under Tunner – nicknamed “Willie the Whip” – a plane took off or landed at Tempelhof every 90 seconds, with planes spaced three minutes apart in the air. Soon Tempelhof became the busiest airport in the world, as the amount of supplies steadily increased to 10 million pounds per day of food and fuel.

Together, the US Air Force and the Royal Air Force carried out nearly 300,000 flights to Berlin in 11 months, from June 24, 1948 to May 11, 1949, bringing 2.3 million tons of food, coal and other supplies: a material a stock equivalent to half of the Great Pyramid.

Two people besides Tunner did it. One was President Harry Truman. Despite the seemingly hopeless mission and relentless pressure from the Air Force and other “experts” insisting that the airlift could not be sustained – and also caught up in a presidential campaign seemed doomed to defeat – Truman remained true to the humanitarian mission of the airlift and its larger purpose: to prevent the Soviets from achieving a major moral and strategic victory if the Allies abandoned Berlin. Truman ended a key meeting in July 1948 by telling his staff, “We are not leaving Berlin,” and he never hesitated.

The second hero of the airlift was Lucius Clay. Clay never gave up on his initial theory that an armed convoy would pass. But he also understood that the airlift had become the symbol of American power and proof that there would be no backing down in the face of Soviet pressure or intimidation. Even when the Soviets announced they would conduct military exercises in the middle of the three 20-mile-wide air corridors leading to Tempelhof, the flights continued.

The other heroes were the hundreds of pilots – British, Canadian and Australian among them, but mostly Americans – who flew these dangerous missions day in and day out. Most were World War II veterans, many of whom had dropped tons of bombs on Berlin just three years earlier, but who were now risking their lives to keep the city alive. The one that particularly caught the media’s attention was Air Force veteran Hal Halverson and his “Bulge Candy” – that is, offerings of Hershey’s bars and other goodies dropped by handkerchiefs at handkerchiefs. hundreds of German children who gathered to watch the show at Tempelhof. Even one of the worst winters of a decade, when five days of intense fog almost interrupted all flights and pushed the city to the brink of starvation, could not prevent the airlift pilots from carrying out their mission. hours a day.

Yet that terrible winter of 1948-49, when the average Berliner’s daily protein intake was a quarter of a stick of margarine and a two-ounce slice of spam, marked the turning point. When spring came, supplies rose to staggering numbers. At the end of February, Tunner’s planes were carrying 16 million pounds a day to Berlin, double the minimum, and providing fresh meat for the first time. Some flights even carried Limburger cheese, although the pilots eventually rebelled and refused to carry more. For Passover in March, the airlift brought more than 10 tons of matzah and 3,000 liters of Passover wine for the 4,600 Jews still living in post-Holocaust Berlin.

Now the Soviets were looking for a way out. Despite intimidation and electoral fraud, including ballot theft, the mayoral election was held and Social Democrat Ernest Reuter, a staunch supporter of the American effort, won more votes than any other candidates together. Meanwhile, the stocks of supplies that the Russians had built up in the East Berlin area to induce Berliners to renounce and accept the Soviet occupation were rotting intact in its warehouses.

On May 4, 1949, the blockade was finally lifted. The Soviets had suffered moral and political defeat, as Berlin, the former Nazi capital, was now firmly in the pro-Allied camp – at least its western sectors. The border between the Soviet zone and the allied sectors becomes the central axis of the Cold War in Europe, and the checkpoints separating the two halves of the city come to represent the passage of a world, even of a reality. , to the other.

It is also likely that Truman’s courageous stance in favor of the airlift won him victory in the 1948 presidential election. Voters recognized that Truman used all available American power to resist tyranny, in order to protect innocents.

Here is perhaps the starkest contrast to President Biden, who arguably used this power to give in to tyranny and abandon the innocent to an undeserved fate.

The State Department has acknowledged that “the majority” of Afghanistan’s 18,000 special immigrant visa (SIV) applicants have been left behind, and estimates suggest that the total number of Afghans eligible for a U.S. visa is high. higher. These numbers mark the largest mass betrayal of a wartime ally in American history.

The evacuation of Kabul proves one thing all the same. The US military can always do whatever is asked of it and accomplish any mission assigned to it. It is the nature of what is being asked for, and what kind of strategy dictates the mission, that determines whether it succeeds or fails – and ultimately whether or not the United States remains a powerful and respected nation.

Arthur Herman is a Principal Investigator at the Hudson Institute. He is the author of Freedom’s Forge: How American Businesses Achieved Victory During WWII and more recently, The Viking Heart: How the Scandinavians Conquered the World.

]]> 0
GOP State Senator Matt Dolan Launches Non-Trumpian Senate Bid Mon, 20 Sep 2021 22:30:00 +0000

WASHINGTON, DC – Suburban Cleveland State Senator Matt Dolan visited 32 of Ohio counties this summer to hear from Republican voters as he explored a candidacy for the U.S. Senate.

What would you like to know

  • State Senator Matt Dolan entered the race for the U.S. Senate from Ohio in 2022 on Monday
  • Dolan is the only Republican candidate to run a campaign not focused on former President Trump
  • Dolan is a former state lawmaker whose family owns the Cleveland Indians
  • He told Spectrum News he believed voters would be drawn to a thematic campaign,

In an interview on Monday, he said he came out convinced they might not want a staunch supporter of former President Donald Trump to succeed retired Senator Rob Portman.

“I think what I was hearing was that they appreciated that I had the passion of the former president, but maybe my tone is a little different,” Dolan told Spectrum News. “But the tone doesn’t set the political agenda, the results do.”

Dolan, a former state lawmaker and descendant of the Cleveland Indian family, became the sixth major Republican to compete in the Ohio U.S. Senate race on Monday in 2022.

The other five are former Ohio Treasurer Josh Mandel, former Ohio GOP President Jane Timken, Cleveland businessmen Mike Gibbons and Bernie Moreno, and author and venture capitalist JD Vance.

“I’m all for something,” he told Spectrum News, adding that he was the only Republican candidate currently holding an elected post. “Everyone in the race just wants to be against things. Ohio can’t grow if no one in Washington is fighting for it.

Dolan said he hopes to stand out as the most moderate candidate in a group of Republicans pushing for Trump’s approval.

He is committed to campaigning against the policies of President Joe Biden and focusing on issues such as border security and fiscal conservatism. But unlike his opponents, Dolan plans to stay clear of the plots Trump has promoted and the shattering policies Trump practices.

Dolan doesn’t think the 2020 election was stolen; he calls the January 6 insurrection a dark day for Americans; and he won’t say if he thinks Trump should run again.

“People want us to work for them. They don’t want bomb throwers. They want something to be done, ”he said.

Dolan also spent the summer congratulating Senator Rob Portman, who will retire next year in part because Washington has become so confrontational.

Dolan is the only Republican Senate candidate to back the bipartisan $ 1,000 billion infrastructure deal Portman helped secure this summer. He said it’s an example of how the next senator from Ohio should approach work.

When asked if it was fair to say he was campaigning to be the next Portman in the Senate, Dolan told Spectrum News, “If you mean a committed Republican who will fight for Ohio, so yes.”

Justin Buchler, professor of political science at Case Western Reserve University in Ohio, said it was too early to say whether Dolan’s strategy of building on his political background and moving away from Trump will work in a state that Trump has won twice by eight points.

“His main strength is that he has elected experience and, statistically, is a pretty good predictor of success in a campaign in Congress, the House or the Senate,” Buchler said. “But at the same time, it is possible that the party has simply moved away from where Dolan is.”

As of Monday night, Trump had yet to approve the race.

Two Democrats are also in contention: Northeast Ohio Congressman Tim Ryan and progressive lawyer Morgan Harper.

]]> 0
CVS Health to hire 25,000 people ahead of flu season, COVID-19 boosters Mon, 20 Sep 2021 11:00:01 +0000

Sept. 20 (Reuters) – CVS Health Corp said Monday it will fill up to 25,000 clinical and retail jobs ahead of flu season and as the United States prepares to administer booster vaccines against COVID-19.

The company said most of the available jobs were for full-time, part-time and temporary pharmacists, pharmacy technicians and nurses, adding that it was also looking for employees to help it run its retail stores. .

CVS recently raised the minimum hourly wage for its staff as retailers across the United States scramble to retain and attract more people to work amid a nationwide labor shortage due to of the COVID-19 pandemic.

CVS, rival Walgreens Boots Alliance and other pharmacies that plan to administer boosters are expected to see more traffic between November and January, which will put them under increasing pressure to hire and retain employees.

CVS said on Monday that the September 24 virtual hiring campaign will help it administer the additional injections, pending regulatory approval, as it continues to offer COVID-19 testing as well as vaccines to those who do not. have not yet been immunized.

The Biden administration had planned to make the booster injections widely available by the week of September 20, but U.S. Food and Drug Administration advisers last week rejected broader approval of the injections, recommending their use in Americans 65 years of age and over and those at high risk. serious illness.

CVS, which has administered more than 34 million COVID-19 vaccines and more than 32 million tests, announced in March last year that it would hire 50,000 employees to help patients and clients during the outbreak of coronavirus. It hired 15,000 more people in the fourth quarter of 2020. (Report by Amruta Khandekar; edited by Maju Samuel)

]]> 0
Lincoln Project Raises Questions After Anti-Greg Abbott Ad Blocked Sun, 19 Sep 2021 22:52:30 +0000

Project Lincoln demands answers after a critical announcement from the Texas government. Greg AbbottCOVID-19’s COVID-19 response was taken off the air moments before a nationwide televised football game kicked off.

The announcement, which is due to air Saturday at a University of Texas game, ranks Texas among the top states in the country for deaths from COVID-19.

With more than 60,000 Texans dead after contracting the virus, the announcement further claims that a COVID-19-only cemetery could stretch 85 miles – from Austin to San Antonio – and would require 3.6 million feet of coffin wood.

“If Governor Abbott wants to build a new wall, tell him to stop building this one,” read the advertisement with rolling images of coffins and the border wall. “Abbott’s Wall, paid for with the lives of over 60,475 Texans.”

In a press release, the Lincoln Project said that ESPN’s legal team initially allowed the ad to air while on air. But 10 minutes before kick-off, the ad was withdrawn after a “decision by the university”.

“Did Greg Abbott or his allies assert any political influence to make sure the ad didn’t get on the air? The Lincoln Project asked in the press release. “Again, instead of focusing on the task of protecting Texans from the coronavirus pandemic, it appears they focused their time and energy on censoring those who would hold him accountable for his failures.”

The Lincoln Project plans to file a public registration application with the University of Texas to determine what involvement, if any, the governor’s office may have had in the decision.

“We will not be discouraged by Governor Abbott’s radicalism in favor of his own political outlook and his re-election campaign,” the Lincoln Project added. “We’re not done with Governor Abbott.”

Earlier this week, the Lincoln Project released a separate announcement charging the Florida government. Ron DeSantis as the “worst governor in America”.

Like the ad against Abbott, the Lincoln Project criticizes DeSantis’ handling of the COVID-19 pandemic.

More information on the Lincoln project is available in line.

Publication displays:

]]> 0
Alexander Salter the constitution and the concept of freedom Sun, 19 Sep 2021 08:14:18 +0000

In a democracy, public order is based on the consent of the governed. The great economist James Buchanan, who won the Nobel Prize in 1986, wrote that the status quo is important in a democracy because it is from this point – wherever we are – that the conversation about changing the market begins. Politics. Our starting point, here and now, is the Constitution of the United States: its text, its duly ratified amendments and its legally interpreted meaning.

For lovers of freedom, the Constitution is an impressive document. While lacking in some respects from the Articles of Confederation, our current national charter clearly has the benefit of sustainability. The Constitution has been the country’s fundamental law for 232 years. Many of those years have been prosperous. Some were tumultuous and destructive. The Constitution has endured it all. It provides the backdrop for the order on which freedom finds its meaning.